Tag Archives: Yu Pang-Lin

The Toughest Decision You Will Ever Make

High profile billionaire, real estate mogul and one of the world’s top philanthropists, Yu Pang-Lin passed away at the age 92 in 2015 but in a gathering five years earlier, he announced that he would entrust his entire wealth valued at USD1.5 Billion to a bank and the money would then be donated to charity after his death.

Yu was believed to be China’s first billionaire to donate an entire fortune to charity. He gained prominence when he acquired Bruce Lee’s home in the early 70’s and rose from toilet cleaner to billionaire. He once said, “If my children are more capable than me, it’s not necessary to leave a lot of money to them. If they are incompetent, a lot of money will only be harmful to them.”

In the West, there appears to be a growing awareness on the dangers of children entitlement. Elton John whose net worth is around USD550 Million has the same mindset. He has no plans of leaving much of it to his sons, “Of course I want to leave my boys in a very sound financial state. But it’s terrible to give kids the silver spoon. It ruins their life! Listen, the boys live the most incredible lives, they are not normal kids. But you have to have some semblance of normality, some respect for money, some respect for work.”

The world’s most savvy investor, Warren Buffet whose fortune is estimated at USD65 Billion intimated that only a very small fortune of that money will go to his three children. According to Fortune magazine, Buffet pledged to give away 99% of his wealth over his lifetime. “My family won’t receive huge amounts of my net worth. I still believe in the philosophy…that a very rich person should leave his kids enough to do anything but not enough to do nothing.”

It looks like Jaycee Chan will have to make it on his own as well.  His celebrity father, Jackie Chan, has decided to donate his money to charity instead of his son. As reported in Hong Kong media, Jackie Chan, who has a fortune estimated at USD350 Million, recently announced that he will donate all his wealth to charity. The “Bleeding Steel” star, who originally intended to split his wealth between his family and charity, has decided to give it all to the needy. Chan was quoted as saying that his son Jaycee should be capable of earning his own money now that he has his own career.

Inheritance can be tricky so discussion is often avoided. However, as the founder reaches the age of 60 and up and the children are all grown up and likely to have been forced (lured) into the business with zero outside work experience, founders can expect the following worrisome scenarios:

  • Escalating  dispute between founder and children related to management style
  • Simmering sibling rivalry on family and business issues
  • Children jockeying for power aggravated by In Law influence
  • Worsening marital spats between the founder/spouse
  • A competitive and highly regulated marketplace
  • Growing tax pressure exacerbated by different sets of Internal books
  • Urgency to align a complicated ownership structure for estate and transition planning

When these combustible issues are mixed, the process of initiating an inheritance plan can be so overwhelmingly daunting that owners tend to naturally forego the process. Procrastination or the “Do Nothing Option” then ends up as the most convenient choice.

So when an event like death or illness strikes the founder, expect the phenomenon to reappear, “Rice bowl to rice bowl in three generations”.

esoriano@wongadvisory.com 

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The Destructive Effect of Poor Succession Planning

sept 11

Yu Pang-lin

A property mogul has decided to donate his entire £1.2 billion pound fortune to charity, leaving his wife and kids with nothing.

He had a special interest in helping those with cataracts in their eyes. Since 2003, his foundation has helped restore the sight of more than 300,000 people from more than 20 provinces and autonomous regions across China, including some poverty-stricken areas in Qinghai, Gansu, Yunnan and Guizhou provinces.

Yu attributed his desire to help others with his experiences as a young man. In the 1940s, Yu had worked as a journalist and an editor for a newspaper, learning about the hardships of people in poverty. He moved to Hong Kong in 1958, and made a living in the early years with many jobs, including as a cleaner, handyman and construction worker. He later founded his own real estate company, then expanded to other areas, including tourism, hotels and healthcare.

In the 1980s, Yu started donating money to build schools, emergency centres, public bus routes, tunnels, fountains and other infrastructure projects. In 2007, he was on the list of world’s top philanthropists selected by Time magazine.

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“If my children are more capable than me, it’s not necessary to leave a lot of money to them. If they are incompetent, a lot of money will only be harmful to them,”

Hong Kong Real Estate Billionaire Yu Pang-lin

Yu is the founder of the Yu Pang-lin Foundation dedicated to healthcare, education and disaster relief. He was believed to be China’s first billionaire to donate an entire fortune to charity.

Alarming Number of Family Business Failures

In my work as Family Business coach doing the rounds in Asia the past five years, I have witnessed a rapid increase of family business disputes bitterly adjudicated in courtrooms because of poor governance and harmful wealth and ownership distribution.

In a Family Enterprise Trend report by my consulting firm, W+B Family Advisory, it researched on the average age of business owners who are going through “rush” transitions.

The study showed more than half were 70 years old or more. The firm also identified the top five major sources of dispute:

1. Money as a result of ownership misalignment and wealth distribution

2. Control and Power struggle among siblings and or cousins

3. Poor succession programs that bred conflict

4. Wrong policies related compensation, dividend policies and incentive programs

5. Employment for everyone. Despite their lack of experience and competence, family members are thrust into leadership positions because of their surnames

Summarizing the report and analyzing why conflict and tension happens among these enterprises, it highlighted the following findings:

“Business owners in general procrastinated and did not see the urgency of initiating governance in the early stages of the business cycle. They were just too busy growing the business.

In the latter stages when health issues surface often and disagreements were becoming frequent, owners would suddenly realize that the children were not prepared to assume full control of the business when they (parents) are no longer around. In short, there was a very high probability that these family enterprises were headed to separation due to internal squabbles.”

Litigation Can Scar Family Relationshipsfor Life

My role as governance coach is to prevent and deter senseless and unnecessary family tension from escalating into a full blown and irreversible family feud. That if left to feed on its own, will spill over and convert the courtroom into the next family battleground.

With the exception of lawyers from both sides, nobody wins in a messy litigation process. They are just plain expensive, personal and can scar relationships for life.

Inevitably, whatever comes out of any court case can produce a debilitating effect not just on warring family members but also on the financial state of the enterprise.

Why is conflict pervasive?

As the business leader or visionary gets old, he or she has to naturally pass on the business to the heirs. Unfortunately, many of these owner managers follow certain traditions to a fault.

a. They do not want to see their own business empire falling apart as a result of division of wealth

b. They want their children to stay together in harmony so they can continue the business

c. They have very strong preference towards their male offspring to carry the mandate in the next generational cycle

d. But they are not open to Non family professionals joining the business

e. There are no entry and exit rules for family members and in-laws

To be continued…

(esoriano@wongadvisory.com)